The project organization as a policy tool in implementing welfare reforms in the public sector
Organizational design is considered in policy literature as a forceful policy tool to put policy to action. However, previous research has not analysed the temporary project organization as a specific form of organizational design, and hence, has not given much attention to such organizations as a strategic choice when selecting policy tools. The purpose of the article is to investigate the project as a policy tool; how do such temporary organizations function as a specific form of organization when public policy is implemented? The paper is based on two welfare reforms in the Swedish public sector, which were organized and implemented as project organizations. The case studies and the analysis show it is crucial that a project organization fits into the overall governance structure when used as a policy tool. If not, the project will remain isolated and will not have sufficient impact on the mainstream governance structure.